|Also known as||Eric Arthur Blair|
|Occupation||Novelist, Essayist, Journalist, Political Writer|
|Born||25 June 1903, Motihari, Bengal, Indi|
|Died||– 21 January 1950, London, England|
“Man is the only creature that consumes without producing. He does not give milk, he does not lay eggs, he is too weak to pull the plough, he cannot run fast enough to catch rabbits. Yet he is lord of all the animals.”
The man who was saying this thing came from a family about which he himself writes in his book The Road to Wigan Pier (1937) as ‘lower-upper middle class’: ‘upper-middle class without money’.The man whose novel Animal Farm (1945) also expresses his hatred of totalitarianism, satirizing the developments of the Russian revolution in the style of a fable based on the eponymous farm. Nineteen Eighty Four (1949) deals with similar subject matter by describing a dystopian future overseen by the all-powerful Big Brother. Both books have been translated all around the world, and were read differently by conflicting parties during the Cold War. The man George Orwell. Eric Arthur Blair, born in India on June 25, 1903, and known by his pen name, George Orwell, was an English novelist, the son of a British colonial civil servant.
After birth, Orwell spent his early days in India, as his father was posted here. Her mother brought her and her elder sister to England from India, about a year after the birth and settled in Henley-on-Thames. His father stayed in India and visited England very rarely. His father retired from service in 1912, । Only then did he returned to live with the family, but a very strong bond could not be formed between Orwell and his father.
Orwell was educated at St Cyprian’s School and Eton where he was briefly taught French by Aldous Huxley. Instead of opting to study at Cambridge or Oxford, which would have been a logical step for an Eton-educated man, Orwell applied for a colonial job in Burma. He joined the Indian Imperial Police Force in 1922. As part of his training he learnt Burmese and Hindustani. Orwell resigned from his job after five years and returned to England to aspire to become a writer.
He drew a blueprint of his experiences of imperialism of the days spent in Burma, ‘A Hanging’ and ‘Shooting an Elephant’ which highlighted how much he is troubled by being a part of the colonial administrative system. Published in 1934, in America.
After his return, Orwell started to build his reputation as left-wing writer. He was noted for his social reports in books such as ‘Down and Out in Paris and London’ (1933) or ‘Homage to Catalonia’ (1938), based on his experiences during the Spanish Civil War. In the years around 1930, Orwell reviewed poems and sketches for a magazine called Adelphi.
Literary Critic & BBC Producer
To better himself and to stand up for himself, Orwell did writing assignments on many subjects. He wrote essays and reviews on many topics, and developed avenues for the creation of well-planned literary criticism.
In 1941, Orwell also worked as a producer for the BBC. He developed news headlines and shows for those living in the eastern part of British rule. Orwell drew such literary greats as T.S. Eliot and E.M. Forster to appear on his programs.
In June 1936, Orwell married Eileen O’Shaughnessy , and Eileen assisted Orwell throughout his career.Orwell married Eileen O’Shaughnessy in June 1936, and Eileen supported and assisted Orwell in his career. The couple remained together until her death in 1945. According to several reports, they had an open marriage, and Orwell had a number of dalliances. Orwell and Eileen adopted a son in 1944, One year before Eileen’s death whom they named Richard Horatio Blair.
1944 was the year Orwell finished his book Animal Farm, a political narrative based on the Russian Revolution and the betrayal of Joseph Stalin and the truth covered in dust. The book showed how a barren animals group shook the land of their owners who exploited them and denied their ownership. And then it showed, how did he establish an egalitarian society for himself. Ultimately, considered intelligent among animals and a power-loving leader , pigs outlast the revolted revolution and create a kind of dictatorship, the core of which is their former human Much more autocratic, oppressive and exploitative than mentors.
Later years and deathAnimal Farm was one of the best works by Orwell, the great imagination and wisdom used and written by Orwell in this book. However, his last book Nineteen Eighty Four (1949) was the book that earned more name than his own book Animal Form, which he wrote outlining the two accounts of Nazism and Stalinism, expressing a warning, which proved to be a well-known novel. The story within the novel alludes to a fictional future in which, upon peeping, it appears that the entire world is dominated by three warring police states.
Orwell began to live on the Scottish island of Jura. Orwell’s health was poor but his courage did not deteriorate, and in the meantime, Orwell wrote his best work, The Eighty Eight Four, in 1949. By the time he completed the manuscript in 1948, he had to be admitted to a nursing home due to tuberculosis. The novel achieved international success on publication in June 1949, but, soon after, Orwell died in a hospital in January 21, 1950 at the age of 46.