About 2500 years ago, in the Himalayan foothills of present-day Nepal, there lived in a great palace a king named Suddhodnana with his wife named Maya Dev. They gave birth to a special child who exhibited the marks of a great man and was given the name Siddhartha Gautama. A prophecy indicated that the child stayed at home he would become a great leader and if the child was left at home, he would become a universal spiritual leader. To make sure that the boy would be a great king and world ruler, his father isolated him in his palace and he was raised by his mother’s younger sister, Maha Pajapati after his mother died just seven days after the childbirth. For this son the king had a particularly grand idea: he would make the child’s life perfect. The child would never know a moment of suffering as every need, every desire would be accounted for at all times. The king built high walls around the palace that prevented the prince from knowing the outside world. The king lavished the child with food, gifts surrounding him with servants who catered to his every whim. And just as planned, the child grew up ignorant of the routine cruelties of human existence. All of the prince’s childhood went on like this.
At the age of 16, he got married to a beautiful princess named Yashodhara. After a few years of their marriage, they gave birth to a child named Rahul. The prince had everything in the world. But despite the endless luxury and opulence, the prince became a kind of a pissed-off young man. Soon, to the prince, every experience felt empty and valueless. The problem was that no matter what his father gave him, it never seemed enough, never meant anything to him. So, late one night the prince snuck out of the palace to see what was behind its walls. He had a servant named channa who drove him through the local village on his horse named Kanthaka, and what he saw just horrified him.
The various sights he saw during his outing, have him the hope that he might be able to release himself from these sufferings, and he resolved to follow some of the aesthetics. When he returned to the palace, he found himself in a sort of dilemma and confusion not knowing exactly how to process the sights that he saw during the village visit. As being a typical young man, he started ending up blaming his father for the very things. It was all the riches and luxury that his father had given him that made him so miserable and had made his life so meaningless. At the age of 29, he decided to run away from his palace. He wanted to give up all his royalty, his family, and all his possessions before leaving the palace. He now left the palace again and this time he never returned.
As he had planned while leaving his luxurious life, he suffered greatly, he suffered through diseases, hunger, loneliness, pain, and decay. After going through this miserable life for about 6 years, he still was unsatisfied. He began to notice that his suffering has not cracked anything. He finally concluded that just going through this miserable life is not bringing him any truth or tranquillity in life. Hence, he finally gave up his fasting and found a peepal tree on the outskirts of the village. He is there and decided not to get up until he found the truth of life. He sat under the peepal tree or now called Bodh Gaya tree for 49 days and finally came to the realization that life itself is suffering and every individual have their suffering. The rich suffer because of their riches and the poor suffer because of their poverty. At the age of 35 and after the 49 days of meditation, finally, Gautama attained enlightenment.
The Buddhist followers say that Buddha was asked by the Lord Brahma to share his enlightenment with the world. Then the later 45 years of his life Buddha, attained the path to teach and preach his disciples the path to end their sufferings. These teachings of Gautama Buddha gave rise to the religion of Buddhism in the world. This religion teaches the main procurements of life and also enlighten the disciples about how they can overcome their life sufferings and lead a life of fulfilment and love.