Ghashiram Kotwal is a Marathi play composed by dramatist Vijay Tendulkar in 1972 as a reaction to the ascent of a nearby ideological group, in Maharashtra. The play is a political parody, composed as an authentic show. It depends on the life of Nana Phadnavis (1741–1800), one of the conspicuous priests in the court of the Peshwa of Pune and Ghashiram Kotwal, the police head of the city. Its topic is the way men in power offer ascent to philosophies to fill their needs, and later demolish them when they become futile. It was first performed on 16 December 1972, by the Progressive Dramatic Association in Pune. Jabbar Patel’s creation of the play in 1973 is viewed as an exemplary in Modern Indian Theatre.
This play is a representation of how the corrupt system has become just for the attainment of power, and miss using it. Tendulkar’s distinctive portrayal of legislative issues and lawmakers are not highlights of the Peshwa system alone. However, an overall wonder. Criminalization of governmental issues is one of the consuming subjects of contention and examination in current occasions. It is accepted that the organization among legislators and hoodlums is an antiquated disease. In this way, the play Ghashiram Kotwal illuminates this fatal connection between legislators, hoodlums, police officers, and whores who are effectively occupied with besieging an awful war against harmony, ethical quality, genuineness, and equity. Through the novel, we see many characters on stage but two female characters in the play are also present but never make it to the stage. However, they play as a changer.
Ghasi comes as an outsider in the city of Poona which is filled with Brahmans, Ghasi himself being a Brahman is not respected as the other once in the city as he is not from Poona. Ghasi realizes that he needs to be in power for that and power will come from Nana Phadnavis as he was the most powerful authority among the brahmans. Ghasiram finds out that Nana is morally corrupt as he is very lustful. Ghasi uses that to his favour and makes him meet his daughter Lalita Gauri who is a young woman. Nana then gets his lustful eyes on Gauri and Ghasi uses his daughter to attain the power however even he doesn’t even use it for benefit but as a tool to teach people the lesson.
The main theme of the novel is power and how much it affects the entire play. Tendulkar beautifully demonstrates how power makes a man to lose his self-control and become barbarous. Especially, through the behaviour of Ghashiram after becoming the Kotwal of Poona