Edvard Munch’s, The Scream may be the second most iconic human figure in the history of Western art, just after Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa. Its collective cultural consciousness engraves its imperceptible, skull-shaped head, long hands, wide eyes, flaring nose and oval mouth.; The swirling blue landscape and particularly the fiery orange and yellow sky have provided many theories about the scene depicted.
If we look at it from a psychological point of view, it is understandable that Edward’s scary lifestyle could be the most likely reason for this painting. He passed through illness and insanity due to drinking too much alcohol. His life hung on a fatal edge, reflecting insanity, as he describes it in his magazine. He was in such a situation that he sought the services of a doctor who advised him to only spend time with good friends and drink less alcohol. All the paintings that followed after were colored by a sense of optimism and a sort of harmony with nature. Sociologists recognize and present their theories that childhood experiences play a major role in a person’s entire lifetime years. This is explained in great detail by Sigmund Freud in his given psychological theory of development.
Edvard Munch is seen as the vanguard of the expressionist movement in modern painting. Whatever sense of artistic ability Munch has , he ventured to express his feelings about the social changes happening around him. His mother died when he was only five years old, his older sister died of a disease at the age of fifteen, and Edvard himself was often sick. His youngest sister also suffered from mental illness at a very young age. In childhood, death and illness were closely watched by Edvard. Possibly painting and drawing became the way through which he could express everything.
The scream, which comes near the end of the cycle, symbolizes anxiety, is the soul’s final breaking point. A lonely emaciated figure collides with his ears on a bridge, his eyes and mouth open in a scream of agony. A couple behind him are walking together in the opposite direction. Rare at the speed of a red-blooded sunset and the swirl of a deep blue-black sword, there are small boats at sea, and the city’s buildings are suggestively green. The character’s face and his gray clothes symbolize illness and death in relation to his mental state. The red sky creates a warning emotion or fear and highlights the intensity of the character’s experience. The playful wavy employs brushstrokes to emphasize the position the character is feeling. Bold, winding strokes in the sky and the river make the viewer feel nauseous. It gives the impression that the character is experiencing emotional movement, and his perception of the world.
The pastel-on-board version of the painting, which was in 1895 Sotheby’s, was sold on November 2, 2012, for a record US $ 120 million. The previous record for the most expensive work of art sold at auction had been held by Nude, Green Leaves and Bust by Picasso, which went for US$106.5 million at Christie’s two years prior on 4 May 2010. When accounting for inflation, the highest price paid for art at an auction is still held by Portrait of Dr. Gachet by Vincent van Gogh, which sold for $82.5 million in 1990, or about $151 million 2012 dollars.